Satellites show the growth of a new island in the Pacific Ocean

The ESA published an image taken by the Sentinel-2 satellite. It demonstrates the growth of a new island located off the coast of Iwo Jima.

A newborn island that appeared off the coast of Iwo Jima as a result of an eruption. Source: ESA

The new island was formed as a result of the eruption of an underwater volcano that occurred on October 21. Already on November 3, the NASA-owned Landsat-9 satellite recorded the tip emerging from the water.

However, the island’s growth did not end there. Due to the ongoing volcanic activity, the new land area has increased in size, as demonstrated by the latest image of the European Sentinel-2 satellite, taken on November 27. The newborn island already has its own name. It is named Niijima, which literally translates as new island.

Niijima consists of pumice stone. It is an extremely light volcanic rock that is formed when lava with a high content of gases and water comes out of the mouth of a volcano. Leaving it, they form a large number of pores.

In addition to the new island, Iwo Jima can also be seen in the Sentinel-2 image. It became famous for one of the bloodiest battles on the Pacific Front of World War II. There is no permanent population on Iwo Jima, but the base of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Forces is located there. In the photo from space, its runway is clearly visible.

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